Recent studies show that stroke is the leading cause of motor disabilities worldwide. A lot of people suffer from mild and severe conditions in both short and long-term cases. But what exactly is the disease all about? How does it get treated? How does a therapist make people understand the illness? What are the possible ways of reducing its risk? These are only sample questions a lot of us would genuinely want to know.
What Is A Stroke?
Stroke is a medical crisis because it can sometimes bring immediate death to individuals. There are two types of it. One if the most common kind called an ischemic stroke. Its cause is from a blood clot that clogs the vessels in the brain. The other type is called a hemorrhagic stroke. Its reason is from a blood vessel that bleeds and breaks into the brain.
A stroke happens when the blood flow in the brain gets interrupted. It creates a blockage of oxygen regeneration where it causes neurons to die. Although stroke varies from one person to another, its victims often end up having slow reflexes, disorganized thinking, and balance problems. In some unfortunate instances, individuals often have difficulty writing, reading, and expressing themselves verbally. There are also cases that stroke victims become paralyzed at either side of the body.
Stroke conditions are prevalent. Each year, approximately five thousand people suffer from the disease in America alone. That makes it the number four leading causes of death in the country. With the dysfunction of the central nervous system, people suffering from it experience many challenges in their day-to-day lives. And the foundation of these challenges is the individuals’ excellent motor skills. These include the inability to grip or hold particular objects. With that, it impairs daily activities such as writing and eating.
Fortunately, the human brain is neuroplastic. Meaning, it encounters changes by forming new sets of neural connections and deleting pathways that are no longer necessary in the brain. That is after the damage of having a stroke, of course. Therefore, it concludes that people’s brains are not locked on a damaged state entirely. There is still a chance that it can start functioning and improve itself over time, depending on the patients’ environment, altered behavior, and neural process.
Symptoms Of Stroke
Symptoms of stroke include the following occurrences. There is a sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg. Usually, it takes place on one side of the body. There are often cases that it brings trouble speaking and understanding speech as well. In unfortunate instances, stroke patients also suffer from having troubled eyesight either each side of the eyes or sometimes both of them. Victims of the condition also find themselves suffering from frequent dizziness, trouble walking, and loss of coordination and balance. They also experience sudden headaches for no known cause.
Motor Skill Benefits
Studies show that a way to enhance body movement and ability to balance is through exercise. It supports motor learning that improves post-stroke conditions significantly. That explains why those stroke patients that participate in a week-cycling program show signs of substantial improvement with regards to their motor acquisition skills. Exercises help increase stroke patients’ cognitive performance, as well. It prepares the brain for neuroplasticity, where it receives a better memory and overall boost in learning. Stroke patients who engage in exercise also result in an increased level of brain-derived neurotrophic factors or (BDNF). It is a critical helper in assisting the brain for neuroplasticity because its role involves the protection of the nerves of the brain and the promotion of healthy nerve cell growth.
Motor training is essential for post-stroke patients’ physical function. It allows the patients to relearn the skills they lost due to the injury. It supports practice and experience, as well. The process involves specific movements and completes a repetitive task which strengthens the neural connection. The positive results of the rehabilitation procedure concerning exercises increase BDNF immediately.
There are limited studies that assess the effects of using exercise to prepare the brain from neuroplasticity. That is because the facilitation of motor training depends on the number of factors. These include the type of the exercise, its duration, and intensity, as well as the BDNF unit involved in the process.
Post-stroke rehabilitation help individuals overcome disabilities, which result from the damage of the condition. If you or someone you know might need assistance, do not hesitate to reach out for professional help.