A brain attack happens when the blood flow to an area of the brain gets blocked or cut off. During this incident, a part of the brain is deprived of oxygen and glucose. People most commonly know this scenario as stroke.
What Happens When There’s A Stroke?
There are a lot of symptoms of stroke, and the most common are weakness and numbness of the arms or legs and dimming or loss of vision in one or both eyes. People can also experience a severe headache. There can be a speechlessness or difficulty in talking or understanding of the surrounding, as well as the loss of stability and balance when walking. Some of these common symptoms are mostly combined with another indication.
Stroke is a medical crisis, and it is essential to call an immediate medical treatment to avoid permanent brain damage or any other injury. Over the years, specialists continue to find the perfect remedy for stroke. And below are the modern therapies and medical treatments applied to patients suffering from a stroke.
Robotic Brain Stereotactic Surgery
There are many types of stroke, one of which is the cerebral stroke. During cerebral hemorrhage, the ruptured veins flood the brain with a lot of blood that automatically creates pressure. It then causes brain edema, stroke, and necrosis which all can lead to death. Through the robotic stereotactic method, there’s a creation of a three-dimensional map of the patient’s brain which allows the robotic surgical system to pinpoint at the highest accuracy. It can identify at least 1mm margin of error of the location of the affected area. Through this technique, it will allow the physician to position the catheter to the accurate position and drain the excess blood. It will reduce the pressure exerted on the brain.
Specialists refer to this technology as a safe and ultra-reliable way of locating the exact position of the affected area in the brain, and thus allows the surgeon to perform surgery with ease. Compared to traditional surgery that takes at least 2 hours or more, the robotic brain stereotactic surgery procedure requires a little less time. It still gives 95% patient’s improvement rating though.
Stem Cell Treatment
Stem cells are considered smart cells in a human body. It can multiply and reintroduce themselves into the specific cells. Due to this characteristic of stem cells, specialists conclude that it has the potential to develop into brain tissues that help in treating damaged brain cells. The stroke stem cell treatment begins with a safety efficacy evaluation performed by medical experts. Through this, the attending medical practitioner determines whether the patient is qualified to know the stage of severity of their stroke condition.
Ischemic stroke occurs when there is a blood clot obstructing a blood vessel. The treatment for ischemic stroke is through the administration of a tPA or tissue plasminogen activator. The tPA acts as a dissolving agent that dissolve the obstructing blood clots to allow normal blood flow. However, there are many shortcomings with this drug that makes it impractical. That is why The Scripps Research Institute developed the3K3A-APC. It is an engineered type of human-produced activated protein C. It is a type of re-engineered protein linked with blood clotting regulation and inflammatory reduction agent. Though this type of drug is still under the preliminary stage, it possesses excellent potential towards opening a new way of battling stroke.
Stroke severity varies from one person to another. If there’s no early detection of the condition, brain damage can occur. At some worst cases, it leads to death. Stroke is most common among the elderly, but there are cases were the younger age bracket is affected by the condition.